It was the winter of 1990, and I had just got married and moved to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi. I was a PhD scholar in Microbiology, and I had my sights set on a bigger goal – cracking the civil services exam.

But things weren’t easy. The Mandal Agitation was in full swing, and the main exams had been postponed. The winter in Delhi was getting harsher by the day, but I couldn’t let go of my dreams. As fate would have it, one day I stumbled upon an advertisement by the Alpha Mind Institute of Mumbai in an English daily. The ad boasted success for people practising their method by programming the subconscious. The cost of it was a whopping rupees 300, a big sum for a student in those days.

But I wasn’t one to let go of an opportunity. I ordered the book and cassette tape, eager to try out this new method. The book spoke about the subconscious mind and how it could be programmed by using the audio tape. I was required to progressively relax my mind and listen to the tape and visualise whatever outcome I desired out of my life. This was basically a self-hypnosis exercise with visualisation thrown in at the end.

Without any second thoughts, I began practising it twice a day, visualising myself passing the civil services exams and seeing myself in uniform receiving salutes. I had never used visualization before, but I had a gut feeling that it would work.

The main exams were finally conducted after a delay, and I continued with my visualization exercises even as I prepared for the interview. The day finally arrived when the results were announced. I had passed the exams with flying colours and was later allotted to the Indian Police Service according to my rank. It was a dream come true for me and my wife.

That was my first experiment with visualization, and it turned out to be a huge success. Since then, I have used visualization to achieve desired outcomes in life. I realized the power of the subconscious mind and the importance of programming it with positive thoughts and visualizations. And that, my friends, is the story of how my belief in the power of visualization changed my life forever.


Visualization and mental rehearsal are powerful techniques that can be used to improve performance in various areas of life, including sports, academics, and business. Visualization involves using mental imagery to create a clear picture of a desired outcome, while mental rehearsal involves practicing and rehearsing a desired outcome in the mind. Both techniques have been studied extensively by researchers and have been shown to be effective in enhancing performance. In this chapter, we will explore the science behind visualization and mental rehearsal and provide practical techniques for using them to improve performance. We will also discuss the importance of goal-setting and creating a clear mental image of success in visualization and mental rehearsal.

The Science Behind Visualization and Mental Rehearsal

The brain is a powerful tool that can be trained to improve performance through visualization and mental rehearsal. When we visualize something, our brain creates a mental image of the desired outcome, and this mental image activates the same neural pathways as if we were actually performing the task. In other words, our brain cannot differentiate between a real experience and a vividly imagined one. This phenomenon is called the “mental simulation theory” and has been supported by numerous studies.

Similarly, mental rehearsal involves practicing a desired outcome in the mind, and this practice helps to strengthen the neural pathways associated with the desired behavior. Mental rehearsal has been shown to improve physical performance, such as in sports, by enhancing motor skills and reducing anxiety.

Both visualization and mental rehearsal can also be used to improve cognitive performance, such as in academics and business. Visualizing success in a specific task or project can help to increase motivation, reduce anxiety, and improve focus and concentration.


Visualisation is a powerful peak performance tool that can help individuals achieve their goals and reach their full potential. By creating a mental image of success and rehearsing that image repeatedly in the mind, individuals can improve their focus, confidence, and motivation, leading to better performance in various areas of life.

Visualization has been used by athletes, performers, business professionals, and even students to enhance their performance and achieve success. By visualizing themselves performing at their best, individuals can build the mental skills and habits necessary to perform at that level in real life.

Research has shown that visualization can have a positive impact on physical performance, such as improving motor skills, strength, and endurance. It can also improve cognitive performance, such as enhancing memory, attention, and problem-solving skills.

Visualization is not just a mental exercise, but it also has a physiological effect on the body. Studies have shown that when individuals visualize a movement or activity, the same neural pathways are activated in the brain as when actually performing that movement or activity. This means that visualization can help to strengthen the neural connections in the brain that are necessary for performing at a high level.

Overall, visualization is a powerful tool that can help individuals to achieve their goals, reach their full potential, and perform at their best in various areas of life.

Ways of Using Visualization and Mental Rehearsal

Visualization and mental rehearsal can be used in various ways to improve performance. Here are some practical techniques:

Create a Clear Mental Image of Success: The first step in visualization and mental rehearsal is to create a clear mental image of success. This involves setting a specific goal and visualizing yourself achieving that goal. For example, if your goal is to win a race, visualize yourself crossing the finish line first, hearing the cheers of the crowd, and feeling the sense of accomplishment.

Use All Your Senses: When visualizing or mentally rehearsing, use all your senses to create a vivid and realistic mental image. For example, if you are visualizing yourself giving a presentation, imagine the sound of your voice, the feel of the podium, and the expressions of your audience.

Practice Regularly: Visualization and mental rehearsal are skills that can be developed with practice. Set aside time each day to visualize or mentally rehearse your desired outcome. This can be done in a quiet space or during a downtime activity, such as before going to bed.

Use Positive Self-Talk: During visualization and mental rehearsal, use positive self-talk to reinforce your mental image of success. For example, tell yourself that you are capable of achieving your goal, and that you have the skills and knowledge to do so.

Visualize the Process, Not Just the Outcome: When visualizing or mentally rehearsing, focus on the process of achieving your goal, not just the outcome. For example, if your goal is to ace an exam, visualize yourself studying effectively, being focused and productive, and feeling confident during the exam.

Visualization and Mental Rehearsal in Performance

Visualization and mental rehearsal have been used by athletes, musicians, and business executives to enhance performance

Athletes: Athletes use visualization and mental rehearsal to improve physical performance, reduce anxiety, and increase motivation. For example, Olympic skier Lindsey Vonn used visualization to overcome a knee injury and win a gold medal in the 2010 Winter Olympics. She would visualize herself skiing the course in her mind, focusing on her technique and form, and imagining herself successfully completing the race. This mental rehearsal helped her build confidence and overcome her injury.

Musicians: Musicians use visualization and mental rehearsal to improve their performance by practicing in their mind. For example, classical pianist Vladimir Horowitz would often mentally rehearse a piece of music before performing it in front of an audience. He would visualize himself playing the piece perfectly, focusing on his technique, phrasing, and musical expression.

Business Executives: Business executives use visualization and mental rehearsal to improve their performance in high-pressure situations, such as presentations, negotiations, and public speaking. For example, Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple, was known for his use of visualization and mental rehearsal. Before presenting a new product or idea, he would spend hours visualizing the presentation in his mind, imagining himself on stage, delivering the message with confidence and clarity.

Movie stars : Jim Carrey is a famous comedian, actor, and writer who used visualization to achieve his dreams. Before he became famous, he was a struggling actor living in Los Angeles. To stay motivated, he wrote himself a check for $10 million and kept it in his wallet. He would look at the check every day and visualize himself receiving it. He believed that one day he would be paid that amount for his work. Years later, when he
starred in the movie “Dumb and Dumber,” he was paid $10 million, the exact amount he had written on the check years before. Carrey believes that visualization played a big role in his success, and he continues to use it to this day.

Sports persons : Jack Nicklaus, also known as “The Golden Bear,” is one of the most successful golfers of all time, with 18 major championship wins. He is also a strong advocate of visualization, which he credits for much of his success on the course.
Nicklaus would often visualize the perfect shot before hitting it, imagining the trajectory of the ball, the swing, and the follow-through. He believed that visualization helped him to stay focused and calm under pressure, and to make more accurate shots. In his book “Golf My Way,” Nicklaus wrote, “I never hit a shot, not even in practice, without having a very sharp, in-focus picture of it in my head. First, I see the ball where I want it to finish, nice and white and sitting up high on the bright green grass. Then the scene quickly changes, and I see the ball going there: its path, trajectory, shape, even its behavior on landing.” Nicklaus’ use of visualization is a testament to its effectiveness in golf and other sports, and to the importance of mental preparation in achieving success.


Visualization and mental rehearsal are powerful techniques that can be used to improve performance in various areas of life. By creating a clear mental image of success, using all your senses, practicing regularly, using positive self-talk, and focusing on the process, not just the outcome, you can develop these skills and enhance your performance. Visualization and mental rehearsal have been used successfully by athletes, musicians, and business executives, and can be applied in any area of life where performance improvement is desired. By incorporating these techniques into your daily routine, you can achieve your goals and reach your full potential.


Dr K. Jayanth Murali is a retired IPS officer and a Life Coach. He is the author of four books, including the best-selling 42 Mondays. He is passionate about painting, farming, and long-distance running. He has run several marathons and has two entries in the Asian book of Records in full and half marathon categories. He lives with his family in Chennai, India. When he is not running, he is either writing or chilling with a book.

    • gralion torile
      Apr 18, 2023 at 6:28 AM / Reply

      the blog was how do i say it… relevant, finally something that helped me. Thanks

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